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A Complete Overview of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options

Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, occur when harmful or foreign bacteria enter the urethra and multiply.  

A Complete Overview of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI): Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options


Running to the toilet two or three times is likely a part of your everyday routine that you hardly notice. That is, of course, until those two to three times become ten or eleven, or when that run to the bathroom where you feel like your bladder is going to explode only results in a couple of drops in the toilet. Urinary tract infections, or UTIs, are, for lack of a better word, annoying — the sort of thing you just want GONE. 

Body literacy, or having the language to understand and describe ailments in your own body, is of the utmost importance when it comes to ridding yourself of a stubborn UTI because some of the symptoms overlap with other common vulvovaginal health conditions. You can’t help your body heal if you don’t know what the problem is — or why it’s happening. Let’s dive into the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for urinary tract infections. 


Comparing the symptoms of BV vs UTIs vs Yeast Infections


How do UTIs happen?

Urinary tract infections occur when any part of the urinary system including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra become infected. Most often they’re infections of the bladder (cystitis) or urethra (urethritis). An infection usually starts when bacteria normally found in your bowels get into the urethra, where pee exits from.

While urinary tract infections can affect anyone with or without a vagina, vulva owners tend to experience them more often because our shorter urethras are closer to the vagina and anus.  The folds of the inner and outer labia can harbor bacteria if you sit around in sweaty or tight clothing. 

Sexual activity with partners or sex toys can also push bacteria into the urethra, and while sexually transmitted infections can increase your risk of a urinary tract infection, UTIs are not contagious and can not be spread sexually, 



How do I know if I have a UTI?

Symptoms of a urinary tract infection include the frequent urge to pee, a painful or burning sensation while peeing, increased frequency or urgency of urination, bloody, cloudy or bad-smelling urine, and even back or pelvic pain

Other vulvo-vaginal infections such as vaginitis also have symptoms such as painful or frequent urination, so it’s important to know what issue you’re actually dealing with, which will help you find a solution. If you’re unsure if your symptoms are due to a UTI, we always recommend checking with your doctor, who can offer a simple urine test which will give you a definitive answer. 

If you’re not proactive about treating the source of your symptoms, the infection can spread to kidneys. This is known as an upper tract UTI, and it might leave you feeling like you’ve caught the flu. Expect a fever, chills, nausea and vomiting.



Shop Full-Spectrum Hemp Tincture Stress, PMS, and Chronic Pelvic Pain


Why do I keep getting a recurring UTI? 

Recurring infection across one’s lifetime is common. Back to back infections usually come from the same type of bacteria as your first, which forms a bacterial biofilm. 

You might be more susceptible to UTIs if you’re a diabetic, have kidney stones, or use spermicides or a diaphragm. If you are concerned by the rate at which your UTIs reoccur, you may want to see your doctor to check for any abnormalities or obstructions in your urinary tract. Your doctor may say you can prevent them by taking a small portion of antibiotics each day for a prolonged period. 

However, keep in mind that repeated use of antibiotics can wreak havoc on your microbiome. In other words, antibiotics don’t know the difference between the healthy and the “bad” bacteria, and kill all the bacteria. When your microbiome is in a weakened state, you’re more susceptible to a recurring UTI, and other vulvaginal health issues like a yeast infection or bacterial vaginosis

Can my UTI cause other issues? 

Like all vaginal health conditions, urinary tract infections can cause emotional and physical distress, which can potentially impact cervical fluid and delay your period or fertile window. If left untreated, a urinary tract infection can spread past the upper urinary tract and lead to more serious issues like a kidney infection, or sepsis, which is an infection of the blood.


How do I get rid of a UTI?

Both antibiotics and over the counter medication are options to treat a UTI, but as previously mentioned, they may do more harm than healing if you repeatedly use them. For minor UTIs, the body can often resolve the issue on its own.

Studies have confirmed that cranberries contain proanthocyanidins (PACs), which help keep bacteria from sticking to the lining of the bladder. Plus, there’s no harm in drinking more liquid to get that urine flowing. Just be sure to look for organic cranberry juice options with as little added sugar as possible. Drinking lots of water will also help your body flush the infection out faster.

As far as easing symptoms, pain and burning can certainly be relieved by a touch of SALVE externally around the vulva. And pelvic pain’s worst enemy is a couple of drops of TINCTURE in your evening tea. 


Soothe Burning & Irritation with topical Salve



How can I prevent a UTI?

Stay hydrated. Hydration, as you know, is extremely important for literally every bodily function.

Use natural and organic products on your vulva whenever possible. If you can’t find or afford them, it’s best to forgo these items and let your body heal itself. A bath or sitz bath with a few drops of TONIC oil concentrate can help maintain balance as you relax and rejuvenate.  The jojoba oil base helps protect your skin while Cedar Wood, Sweet Orange, and Oregon Grape are natural antibacterials that stimulate blood flow to your pelvic region so your body can heal itself faster. 

Wear breathable cotton panties. It’s not necessary to completely forgo lacy lingerie or spandex, but a thong a day will not keep a yeast infection away.  

Loose-fitting clothing is your friend. Again, not necessary to wear culottes or a skirt every day, but it’s best to let your vulva breathe whenever possible to avoid future or further irritation. 

Take off gym clothes and swimsuits as soon as possible! The excess moisture is a breeding ground for bad bacteria. If you can’t rinse off after a heavy sweat sesh, use HYDROSOL to tone your skin without drying it out with fake fragrance or alcohol. 

Pee after masturbation or partnered sex in any capacity. This helps to literally “flush” bacteria out to help prevent UTIs and other vulvar infections. 

Always wipe front to back! Folks with vaginas have shorter urethras, which are closer to the vagina and anus, meaning the bacteria can spread more easily if we don’t properly wipe, leading to infection, irritation, and pH imbalance. 



Further Reading 

Bacterial Vaginosis vs. Yeast Infection vs UTI: Which Is It?

A Complete Overview of Bacterial Vaginosis Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Options

A Complete Overview of Yeast Infection Causes, Symptoms & Treatment Options

A Comprehensive Guide to Probiotics to Help Balance Your Gut & Support Vaginal Health

Learn What Your Period Blood Is Telling You About Your Health

Decode Your Vaginal Discharge



Momotaro Apotheca and its materials are not intended to treat, diagnose, cure or prevent any disease. 
All material on Momotaro Apotheca is provided for educational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider for any questions you have regarding a medical condition.




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